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THE “PRIVATE COPYING LEVY” IS DECLARED NULLY BY THE HIGH COURT

Since 2012, through Royal Decree 1657/2012, the private copying levy for private copying in Spain has been covered by public funds, that is, by an annual fixed allocation from the national budget. As a consequence of the application of the system of public financing, Spanish copyright management entities received annually 5 million Euro from the national budget, compared with 115…

BYLAWS AND JOINT ADMINISTRATORS IN SPANISH PRIVATE LIMITED COMPANIES

Commercial companies need the intervention of specific individuals, who, as management bodies forming part of the company structure, express the will of the legal entity itself before third parties. Thus, art. 233.2 d) of the Spanish Capital Companies Act (“LSC”) establishes that, in the case of limited liability companies with more than two joint administrators, the representation will be jointly…

THE TEMPORARY CONTRACT – ON COURSE TOWARDS SEVERANCE PAY OF 20 DAYS PER YEAR WORKED

In the judgement dated 14th September 2016, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) has answered the preliminary questions raised by the High Court of Justice of Madrid pursuant to the ruling of 9th December 2014, the purpose of which was to clarify, broadly speaking, whether Community legislation is contrary to the provisions of the Worker’s Statute regarding severance pay…